August 26, 2009
Location of Mt.Semeru
Bromo tengger semeru national park is one of conservation areas which has been already well known by many people, becasu it has great values of potential aspects both is viewed from cultural history, biodiversity and estetica. This is proved with increasing of people to visit the park with various interests like for recreation, camping, climbing, education, and research.
Realizing that situation, the goverment had established Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park area as a nasional park which established on november 12, 1992 with the decree of minister of Foresty No.1049/Kpts-II/1992 with covering area of 50,267.3 ha. Wich administratively is located in 4 regencies of probolinggo, pasuruan, malang, and lumajang, east java provincies, indonesia.
Mount Semeru is located between the regencies of Malang and Lumajang with gegraphical position of 8 06' South Latitude 12 55' East Longitude. The peak of mount Semeru us 3,676 m above sea level, the biggest mountain in java and one of active volcano. The caldera of Mount. Semeru is located in the Lumajang Regency viewed from the south. Mount. Semeru resemles a perfectly cone-form but it is a dome form with stripefield on hillsides.
Soil and Climate of Mt.Semeru
Soil in mt. Semeru is regosol as a result of youth quaner volcano. Generally climate in mt.Semeru ase is B type (Schmidt and Ferguson) with rainfall of 927 mm - 5498 mm per year with the sun of rainy day is 136 days/year and wet season is from nopember to April. Temperature in the peak of Semeru ranges from 0 - 4 C.
Flora and Fauna at Mt.Semeru
Flora in Semeru area consisted of various species dominated by Casuarina junghuniana, Acacia decurens, Pinus merkusii and Podocarpus sp. Understory species are dominated by Euphathorium odoretum, Imperata Cyindrica, Melastomamalabathricum and Anaphalis javanica.
Fauna species can be found in Mt.Semeru area like : Panthera pardus, Presbytis cristata, Paradoxurus hemaprodits, Muntiacus muntjak and tragulus javanica.